The Cardamom Mountains may be one of Southeast Asia’s last great rainforests but it’s still a hidden gem among tourists visiting Cambodia.
Visiting Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains: What is there to do?
If you’re willing to take the trip, the Cardamom Mountains offers you the chance to experience one of Cambodia’s greatest natural sites. For those crazy about wildlife, the Cardamom Mountains is a must. The rainforest is one of your best chances to see Cambodia’s wildlife, including 450 bird species and more than 55 IUCN threatened species of vertebrates, such as sun bears and Asian elephants. For the adventure seekers, untouched waterfalls, multi-day treks with local guides to significant ecological and cultural sites, the chance to join Wildlife Alliance rangers on patrol, and biking trails are just some of the many excursions available.
Staying in Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains: Where should I stay?
There are plenty of options available, from homestays run by locals all the way to some of the most luxurious sustainable ecotourism retreats available in Southeast Asia.
Chi Phat and Steung Areng Community-Based Ecotourism villages are run by communities that once relied on destructive rainforest activities as their income who now work with Wildlife Alliance to preserve the environment. Both offer budget conscious travellers a chance to completely immerse themselves in what the Cardamom Mountains has to offer.
Chi Phat’s Community-Based Ecotourism project is located in the southwestern part of the Cardamom Mountains, an ideal destination for tourists looking for an ecological adventure. Visitors can join guides on treks ranging from a few hours to several days. Amongst the most famous of treks available at Chi Phat is a trip to the 500 year-old burial jars linked to the ethnic group that lived in the Mountains at the end or after the fall of the Angkor empire. Other treks at Chi Phat include bird watching, swimming in pristine waterfalls, and bat caves.
The more remote option is a visit to Steung Areng Community-based Ecotourism project, located in the heart of the Central Cardamom Mountains National Park. Similar to Chi Phat, experienced guides can offer you a range of treks, as well as mountain bike and motorcycle tours. Both Chi Phat and Steung Areng have restaurants and the option to stay in homestays with local families.
For those who want to explore the Cardamom Mountains in luxury, there are a range of options available, including Cardamom Tented Camp, 4 Rivers Floating Lodge, and Shanta Mani Wild. All three eco-conscious retreats work with locals to offer a range of different unique experiences, such as joining Wildlife Alliance rangers on patrol, setting up camera traps to monitor wildlife, and a chance to see some of Cambodia’s most famed wildlife.
Travelling to Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains: How do I get there?
Travelling to the Cardamom Mountains is straightforward if you’re coming from Phnom Penh or Sihanoukville through the use of regular bus services. Buses to the Cardamom’s largest town, Koh Kong, run regularly and from there you can access large parts of the Cardamoms by motorbike or bus. If you’ve pre-booked your accommodation it’s best to check beforehand what the recommended route of travel is or whether there is complimentary travel included.
Travelling from Thailand to Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains: What’s the best route?
Located on the Thai border, the Cardamom Mountains is surprisingly easy to get to if you’re travelling from Thailand. Bus services to Koh Kong from Bangkok and Pattaya City take just over 6 hours. Conversely, those looking to continue their journey to Thailand from the Cardamom Mountains can do so easily, with Koh Kong being just 10km from the border.
Elephants in Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains: Can I see them?
The Cardamom Mountains are home to one of only two viable populations of Asian Elephants in Cambodia. For those wanting to see Asian Elephants in a natural setting, the Cardamom Mountains offer you your best chance in Cambodia. However, the chances of seeing them are quite low given that the population of Asian Elephants sits at around 300 in Cambodia. Despite this, Wildlife Alliance’s Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Center, just outside of Phnom Penh, cares for a number of Asian Elephants that have been rescued. For those who can’t leave Cambodia without seeing an elephant we highly recommend that you take a tour around the Rescue Center with one of Wildlife Alliance’s guides. There’s even the option to join our Phnom Tamao keepers as an ‘Elephant Keeper for a Day’.
Why are the Cardamom Mountains so important?
The sheer abundance of water in the Cardamoms makes it one of its most important natural resources, with the forest receiving a staggering 3.5 to 4.5m of rainfall annually that supply 22 major waterways. In turn, the Cardamom Mountains supplies water to 16 hydro-power dams across the country that generate an estimated 20% of Cambodia’s electricity. The Cardamom Mountains watershed is also a source of drinking and irrigation water to thousands of people living in rural communities. The Cardamoms importance stretches far beyond Cambodia. Forests in Southeast Asia have been found to influence rain patterns in Europe and China, making the Cardamom Mountains important to farming communities not just in Cambodia, but globally.
Without a doubt, the Cardamom Mountains is one of the greatest places in Cambodia for wildlife. The Mountains have long been separated from other similar forests in Asia, making it a center for endemic species. They support more than 55 IUCN threatened species of vertebrates, including the Pileated Gibbon, the Siamese crocodile, the Sunda Pangolin, and the Malayan sun bear. The most famous resident species though has to be the Asian elephant. Despite 38 Asian elephants being poached between 2000 and 2004, Wildlife Alliance’s active ranger patrols have achieved zero elephant poaching since 2006. The Cardamom Rainforest Landscape has also been identified as one of two locations for the potential reintroduction of the Indochinese tiger, a species not sighted in Cambodia since 2007.
It’s not just the wildlife you can see either, the Cardamom Mountains also hold great cultural and social significance in Cambodia. In fact, the first recorded human occupation was recorded in the mountain range, composed of two huge upright pillars with a slab across the top called a ‘dolmen’. A total of 10 sites with burial jars and coffins, linked to an ethnic minority that lived in the mountains at the end or after the fall of the Angkor empire, have also been discovered in the rainforest.
Is the Cardamom Rainforest Landscape under threat?
As a country with some of the world’s highest deforestation rates in the world, Cambodia’s rainforests have taken a hard hit over the last few decades. In fact, between 2001 and 2014, Cambodia lost 1.59 million hectares of tree cover, releasing around the same amount of carbon as Canada’s energy consumption in 2011.
Despite this, with support from the Cambodian Government, Wildlife Alliance actively protects over 1 million hectares of rainforest in the Cardamom Rainforest Landscape, making it Cambodia’s best protected forest and one of the country’s last rainforest strongholds. However, the forest is continuously under threat. Wildlife Alliance’s rangers recorded a 650% increase in confiscated illegal chainsaws and a 300% increase in hunting snares removed or destroyed between 2015 and 2018.
Our rangers work tirelessly all year round to protect the iconic Cardamoms Mountains Rainforest. Find out how you can get involved to help protect one of Southeast Asia’s last great rainforests here.
When we release animals back into the wild, we usually implement a “soft release” strategy, meaning our keepers continue to provide the released animal supplemental food as they transition to the wild. Some animals never look back once they are released, while others like great hornbill (Buceros bicornis), Joa, take full advantage of the food our keepers provide them. Joa (meaning ‘sap’ or ‘resin’) was rescued as a chick by the Wildlife Rapid Rescue Team in 2016 from a market outside of the Phnom Penh and was soon taken to the Wildlife Release Station in his natural habitat in the Cardamom Rainforest where he was cared for and eventually released. Joa, seen here waiting for keeper Soeun to come back and make his breakfast after feeding the sun bears, is still a regular around camp. He visits the guest chalet area less and less but he’s never far away from the keepers’ camp and is taking the daily supplementary food provided for him. He still spends his nights close by but days freely roaming around in the forests surrounding the Station. He’s a pleasure and delight to have around for the staff and our guests and will always have food at the Station as he gradually gets used to being a wild bird!
When walking through the Cardamom Rainforest Landscape, you’re sure to hear the melodious, bird-like duets of monogamous pairs of pileated gibbons [listen here]. These unmistakable calls are heartening for our rangers who patrol the forest daily protecting the largest global population of pileated gibbons (Hylobates pileatus) swinging through the treetops above them. However, poachers also use their unique calls to track these rare small apes.
In Cambodia, the illegal trade of gibbons is largely for the pet trade but the larger threat pileated gibbons are facing is forest loss. These Endangered apes spend 100% of their time in the rainforest canopy so they cannot survive if their home is cut down by loggers.
There is so much to love about gibbons – their mesmerizing calls, their captivating faces, and their incredible grace and agility as they swing through the trees. But, unfortunately, these icons of Southeast Asian forests are disappearing.
Today, October 24, 2019, is International Gibbon Day and a chance to raise awareness of these small apes before it is too late. We’re asking you to join us in protecting the largest global population of pileated gibbons by making a donation today.
(CNN) Across Southeast Asia, wild animals are being hunted out of existence to feed growing demand for bushmeat, according to conservationists. Thomas Gray, science director with conservation group Wildlife Alliance, which operates in Cambodia, says that snares — simple traps made of wire and rope — have become the single biggest threat to ground-dwelling animals in Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos over the last decade.